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Who is the Holy Spirit?

Written by: Alejandra Carranza


Only One who created the heavens and the earth and all of us in it, who gave Himself up as a ransom for us, and who indwells us who believe.

He exists eternally as three persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. It is God’s good pleasure to help us immeasurably through the third person of the trinity. The Holy Spirit is intimately walking daily with us for God’s glory. So, who is He who leads us into the everlasting way?


Before the earth had its form, the Holy Spirit was there, hovering over the waters, making us in His image, and breathing life into us (Genesis 1:2, 26-27; 2:7). Apart from His role in creation, we see Him as co-equal in the trinity when He is descending on Jesus like a dove as the Father speaks from the heavens (Mark 1:10), and when Jesus commissions His disciples to baptize in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit (Matt. 28:19).

The Holy Spirit was present before the beginning of the world, at the baptism of Jesus, and will always be, as we cannot hide from His presence. Psalms 139:7 says “Where shall I go from your Spirit? Or where shall I flee from your presence?” He is omnipresent, as well as omniscient. He knows all things, even the depths of God because the Holy Spirit is God. And as such, He has a special work that He accomplishes in us and through us. “these things God has revealed to us through the Spirit. For the Spirit searches everything, even the depths of God. For who knows a person’s thoughts except the spirit of that person, which is in him? So also no one comprehends the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God.” (1 Corinthians 2:10-11)


The Helper, the Spirit of Truth, the Advocate; While these are different names of the same Spirit of God, they also, in part, reveal His work and nature. According to the gospel of John chapters 14 through 16, Jesus promised that He would send us the Spirit from the Father and that the Spirit would help us, advocate for us, be with us forever, speak to us, teach us, remind us of the words of Christ, testify about Christ, convict us of sin, guide us, and glorify Christ.

The Spirit is deeply and actively in communion with us, showing us that His relationship with us is individual and personal. How does He do this? He seals and indwells us, intercedes for us, and helps us to pray (Ephesians 1:13-14, Romans 8:11, 26). Beyond this, the work of the Spirit includes imparting spiritual giftings for the edifying of the body, for demonstrating His power for God’s glory, and for motivating us through His grace (Ephesians 4:11-13, 1 Corinthians 12:7-11, Romans 12:6-8). Additionally, He is bearing fruit in our lives, which sets us apart from the world. “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self control; against such things there is no law.” (Gal. 5:22-23). All of this is to sanctify us, while giving us wisdom and understanding that makes us long to be closer to God and testify of His saving power and love. The work of the Holy Spirit reveals His desire to be with us, and His nature to help and make God known through us.


The Holy Spirit is the transformational Spirit of the living God. Once filled by Him, He moves internally and externally. He is a gift-giver and fruit-bearer. He is God alive in us. If our heart’s desire is to love and serve the Lord, that is the Holy Spirit demonstrating His faithfulness to us and our part in His story.

God longs to draw us near to Himself, and every day with the Helper moving within us, we are closer to fulfilling that longing for His glory and our good. Take some time to reflect on the Holy Spirit and His work in your life today.

How is He moving and how can you join Him?

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The Keystone Project is a global missions network of churches and leaders committed to the fulfillment of the Great Commission in this generation.

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